Poultry products as a high demand – Poultry Business in Ghana is a big business that gives enough meat and eggs for daily consumption of people. Eggs and chicken meat gives the necessary protein that the body needs. There is a popular slogan from the poultry farmers association that goes thus “Eat an egg a day it is good for your daily growth”.To be a poultry farmer means you can be a boss of your own.
In this article, we want look at the requirements and cost of starting a poultry business of your own. Do you know there are four common categories of birds you can start a poultry with namely; Layers, Broilers, Cockerels and Turkey?
Are you looking for a business to invest in? Are you interested in poultry farming business in Ghana? Then we advice, you should read on as we will be sharing with you strategic information on how to start a poultry farming business from scratch and grow it successfully.
Poultry Business is a business you would enjoy doing; it is an interesting business, very lucrative, though it is capital intensive.The poultry industry is a broad one. There are many sub-sectors in the poultry business which you can tap into. Below are arms in the poultry business:
Egg production (Layers breeding)
Meat production (Broilers and cockerel breeding)
Chicken breeding (Hatchery)
Poultry feed production
Poultry equipment manufacturing
Egg and meat processing, packaging and marketing
Here Are The List Of Items And Cost Of Starting A Poultry Business
Acquire A Land:
To start a poultry business, you must acquire a land. As long as it is not close to a residential area, any land is okay. It is highly necessary you acquire a land of your own and most importantly you acquire a land in a rural area. we mean areas that are just developing where you can buy a plot of land at $ 334 and 1 acre at $2,000.
Construct A Poultry House:
Poultry house is where the birds are kept. Constructing a poultry house for your birds means you have to contract laborers to clear the land and contract a carpenter to construct a house on the land. The materials needed to construct a house are
A. wire net 4 bundles at $174,
B. Different sizes of nail cost $67
C. Building Planks will cost $1000
D. Zinc 10 bundles $434
Once a carpenter has completed his work on the land, a bricklayer needs to work on the land as well. A brick layer’s work on the land is to dig the deep litters, smooth-en the floor with cement and to set bricks round the pen house.
Deep litters: is the gutter run in the pen that leads into a sock away. It is where the birds litter drop into day by day. It is important you drill a borehole on the land because water is very essential in poultry business.
Get Battery Cage:
There are different places to buy wired cages, the number of birds you want to start with will determine the units of cages to buy. Start with 1,500 birds, one unit of cage with automatic drinker will serve 90 birds. That means you will buy 17 units of cages with automatic drinkers.
One unit costs $200 therefore, 17 units cost $3400. Seventeen units of cage with automatic drinkers will be set in just 3 days.
Buy The Birds:
Since the pen house is made ready, you can now buy the birds. Make sure you buy your birds from good and reliable sources.
Buy point of lay i.e age of birds between 16 weeks old to 20 weeks old. The color comes in brown or black any color you prefer is okay. 1 point of lay costs $7 and so 1,500 birds costs $10500.
200 birds will consume 25 kg of feed in a day and so 1,500 birds will consume 187.5kg in a day, kg of growers feed cost $12. That means in a day you will feed 1,500 birds with $90. In a week it costs $630
Medication: Buy medication like Vitamin, Antibiotics and Dewormer.
Vitamin: Buy vitaminotrace; one litre will cost $15. Vitamin revitalizes the internal system of the birds especially when the birds have undergone stress.
This medication is usually repeated weekly.
Antibiotics: Enrofloxercine is a type of antibiotics used in flushing the internal system of the birds. It comes in 100mls, It costs $5, and it will be administered for one week and usually repeated after 6 weeks.
DEWORMER: A good name in dewormer is Kepromeg. It comes in powdery form and it is usually administered after 2 days and would be repeated once you notice lice(tiny worm) on the birds. A kepromeg costs $5. Once these medications have been administered, the birds will start laying eggs one after the other.
They lay eggs in arithmetic progression, meaning, they drop in 1s, 2s, 3s and so on. The birds can also lay eggs in a geometric progression meaning 10 birds can lay eggs at once or 20 at once, 40, 50 all at once.
The birds will reach their peak after 10 weeks to 12 weeks from their first dropping this means that the birds will conveniently pay for their feeds,pay for their medications and the poultry farmer will as well make profit.
The prices of eggs are determined by their age;first to sixth week of dropping, eggs are sold at $3, seventh week to tenth week of dropping eggs are sold at $4, eleventh week upward eggs are sold at $5. Minimum production of eggs from 1,500 birds is 45 creates of eggs, selling a crate at $5 dollars , 45 crates will be $225, in a week you can make total sales of 315 crates of eggs which is $1575 cash sales weekly, deduct expenses on feed,wages of workers, medication and others $900 weekly,meaning you will be making a whooping $675 profit profit weekly!
Calculate that on monthly basis!Poultry business is profitable also in the sense that you make profit while the birds are with, you also make profit while disposing the birds and an old layer cost $8 during festive period and $6 at normal seasons.
So what are you waiting for, start your investment in poultry business today and be your own boss and create employment for others.