Drug And Drug Classes (With examples)

There are so many drugs world-wide. These drugs belong to different classes. Each classes has different uses. Among each class their characteristics tend to the similar, many has actions, reactions and interaction with other drugs being almost similar. Drug classes are like families.

Care must be taken when using any drug. Beside helping to cure ailment, drugs has its side effects and adverse reactions. It is therefore advised that patients take only drugs prescribed by the doctor who by training is authorized to diagnose and treat diseases. Patients who indulge in self-medication or those that patronize quacks run the risk of developing complications.

It is always better to prevent such complications than to have to treat it. This is especially true in case of adverse drug reactions where the cure can become the disease.

Some patients are allergic in nature and more likely to develop allergies to drugs. Such patients must be watched very closely when drugs are given to them. Be known that drug allergies must be written boldly on the patients case file.

GUIDELINES FOR SAFE EFFECTIVE DRUG USE
-Do not pressure your doctor to prescribe drugs that his or her judgement you do not need.

-Do not take prescription drugs on your own.

-Do not offer drugs prescribed for you to anyone else without a physician guidance.

-Do not change the dose or timing of any drug without the advice of your physician except when the drugs appear to be causing adverse effect.

-Do not take any drug while pregnant or nursing a baby until you talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

-Do not leave it to guess that you have taken your medicine. Always get dosing calendar.

DRUG CLASSES/CATEGORY

A) CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM ↓↓↓

1. ANALGESIC: These are drugs that kill pain in the body. It is subdivided into two groups:

a. Analgesic Anti pyretic: This sub group not only kill pain, it also reduces body temperature.

– Paracetamol

– Novalgin

– Analgin

– Baralgin

– Optalidon

– Tylencl (acetaminophen)

– Metamizol

b. Analgesic Anti inflammatory: These group kill pain and also reduces inflammation.

– Aspirin

– Ibuprofen

– Indocid

– Diclofenac

– Tramal

– Oruvail

– Feldene

– Naxen

– Dolobid

– Voltarenrated

2. ANTICONVULSANT: These drugs stops convulsion.

– Epilin (Sodium Valporate)

– Epanutin (Phenytoin Sodium)

– Tegretol (Carbamazepine)

– Phenobaraitoe (Gardinal Sodium)

– Rivotril (Clonazepan)

– Paraldehyde

3. ANTI EMETIC: Drugs that stops vomiting.

– Metoclopramide (Maxolone or Plasil)

– Avomine

-Motilium

– Stemetil

– Torecan

4. SEDATIVES & TRANQUILIZER: Drugs that calm the body or induced sleep.

– Valium (Diazepain)

– Librium

– Ativan (Lorazepan)

– Mogadon

– Bramezapam

– Chloral hydrate

– Largactile

– Paraldehyde

5. ANTI HISTAMINE: These drugs stops itching.

– Piriton

– Phenegan

– Anthisan

– Tavergyl

– Hismanal

– Periacton

6. SKELETAL MUSCLE RELAXANT: Relaxes Skeletal Muscles.

– Norflex

– Norgestic

7. CNS STIMULANT: Stimulates the central nervous system.

– Caffeine

– Nikethamide

B) CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ↓↓↓

1) ANTI HYPERTENSIVES: Lowers blood pressure.

– Brinedin

– Aldomet

– Nifedipine E.g Nifedose, Adalat

– Enalapril

– Amilodipine

– Lisinopril

– Catapress

– Apresoline (hydrallazine)

2. ANTI ANGINA: Relief chest pain due to heart problem.
– Glyceryl trinitrate
– Isofil = Isosorbide mono nitrate
– Isodil = Isosorbide dinetrate
– Amyl nitrate
– Dipridamole = Persantin

3. ANTI ARRHYTHMIA: Regulate heart beat and pulse rate.

– Digoxin

– Propanolol

– Lido cail

– Procainamide

– Phenytoin

4. DIURETICS: Reduces excess fluid from the body.

– Lasix

– Diamox

– Moduretic

– Aldactone

– Hygrotone

C. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ↓↓↓

1. ANTI ASTHMATIC: Relief asthmatic attack.

– Intal (Sodium Cromoglycate)

– Aminophylline

– Dyphilline

– Ventolin

– Bricanyl

– Barotec

2. ANTI TUBERCULOSIS: Kill tuberculosis infection.

– Rifampicin

– Myambutol

– Isoniazid

– Pyrizinamide

– Streptomycin

D. GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT ↓↓↓
1. ANTACID: Reduces acid and heal peptic ulcer disease.
– Cimetidine
– Omeprazole
– Zantal
– Ulcer heal
– Gastrozepine

2. SMOOTH MUSCLE RELAXANT:
– Buscopan
– No-spa
– Maxolone

3. ANTHELMINTHICS: Kills worm in the body.
– Ketrax
– Wormin
– Antepar
– Alcopar
– Combantrine
– Vermox
– Mintezol

4. ANTI DIARRHOEL: Stops stooling.
– Diapec
– Imoduim
– Lomotil
– Thalazole
– Loperax

5. AMOEBICIDE
– Chloroquine
– Emetine
– Fasign
– Flagyi
– Diloxanide

E. ANTIBIOTICS: THESE KILL BACTERIAL INFECTION. ↓↓↓
1. PENICILLINS
– Ampicillin
– Ampiclox
– Amoxycillin
– Cloxacillin
– Unasyn

2. AMINOGLYCOSIDES
– Gentamycin
– Neomycin
– Streptomycin
– Kanamycin
– Tobramycin

3. CEPHALOSPORINS
– Cephalexin
– Ceclor (Cefaclor)
– Claforan (Cefotaxine)
– Zinnat (Cefuroxine)
– Rocephine (Ceftriaxone)

4. MACROLIDE
– Zithromax
– Clarithromycin
– Spiramyclin
– Erythromycin

5. FLOUROQUINOLONES
– Norbactin (Norfloxacin)
– Ciproxin (Ciprofloxacin)
– Tarivid (Offloxaxine)
– Lavoquin (Laevofloxacin)
– Sparduim (Sparfloxacin)

6. TETRACYCLINES
– Doxicycline
– Minocycline
– Teramycin
– Tetracycline
– Methacycline

7. LINCOSAMIDES
– Linocomycin
– Clindamycin

8. SULPHONAMIDE

F. ANTI FUNGAL INFECTIONS
– Fungusol
– Curoderm
– Fulcin
– Nizoral (Ketoconazole)
– Fasigyn

G. ANTI VIRAL
– Acyclovir
– Amantidine
– Vidarabine

H. ANTI RETROVIRAL (ANTI-AIDS)
– Zidovudine
– Lamivudine
– Nevirapine
– Stavudine

I. ANTI MALARIALS (KILL MALARIA PARASITE)
– Chloroquine
– Quinine
– Paludrine
– Paluther
– Maloxine
– Fansida

J. ANTI DIABETIC (REDUCES SUGAR IN THE BODY)
1. ORAL HYPOGLYCAEMIC
– Diabenese
– Daonil
– Diamicron
– Glucophage
– Phenformin

2. INSULIN
– Soluble insulin such as actrapid
– Depot insulin such as mixtard.

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