How To Start A Pepper Farming In Ghana

Do you want to start a profitable agriculture business ?

What about pepper farming in Ghana ?

We will tell you how profitable pepper farming in Ghana is.

Find out the best tips for the beginning of this business and easy steps to succeed.

If you have a serious intention of cultivating pepper for
subsequent sale, in addition to pepper seeds, seedlings,
and quality fertilizer, you should buy the following
important components:

• A plot of land where this delicious agricultural crop
will grow;

• Vehicles for transportation of finished product;

• Container for vegetables.

The land should be located near local water basin, or
water supply system.

Since pepper demands moisture,
it should be watered quite regularly – otherwise do not
expect good harvest.

In fact, chilli and green pepper farming in Ghana have
a lot in common, so we will tell you about pepper
cultivation and using chili pepper as an example.

To
improve crop quality, you should use natural
fertilizers to help your pepper look more attractive.

Chili pepper farming in Ghana

One plant can give you up to hundreds of pods.

They
can be used for seasonings, depending on various
culinary needs, also seeds can be used for subsequent
planting.

This kind of pepper can live and bear harvest
for 2-3 years.

If you grow chili pepper on the open
ground, you can get a crop of 2-3 kg per square meter.

According to specialists, pepper is much better
developed in the greenhouse.

This is because of a
controlled temperature regime and a constant level of
humidity.

So, in a greenhouse, chili pepper can grow
up to 1 meter in length and provide a large amount of
massive fruits.

If you create good conditions, then after a while you
will be able to admire your strong lush bushes.

If you
care more about large fruits than their numbers, then
just get rid of some flowers on the plant.

Preparation of a site for pepper farming in Ghana

In sunny areas with mild climate, pepper grows very
well.

If there is no wind protection, it is possible to
build some wind shields.

The soil on the area allocated for pepper cultivation
should be fertile, well drained and have high water
retention capacity.

After harvesting the crop, remove plant remains and
dig through the soil.

In any case do not plant pepper on the site with fresh
manure.

Pepper does not need fresh organic fertilizers.
It adversely affects preservation of the crop and its
ripening.

How to plant pepper in Ghana?

Before planting, seedlings must be watered abundantly,
so that during planting they do not fade.

Withering affects plants, delays growth and leads to
the fall of the first buds – and this is the loss of the
early harvest.

If you plant seedlings in the heat it is
better to choose the second half of the day, so that the
plants can grow stronger overnight.

In cloudy weather,
you can plant seedlings in the morning.

Pre-prepared holes should be filled with water – 1-2
liters of water per hole, it is better to use warm water.

After freeing seedlings from pots, they are placed
vertically in the holes and planted a little deeper than
they were in the pots.

Watering

Growing pepper is impossible without watering.

For a
better survival, after planting pepper is watered at an
interval of 2-3 days, taking 1-2 liters of water per
plant, and in dry and hot weather, pepper is watered
daily.

There is a need to monitor the watering so as not to
damage pepper plants by excessive irrigation.

Wilting
leaves in the afternoon hours on hot days do not
indicate that plants need water.

Vegetable farming care

It is necessary to observe the distance between the
rows of about 65 cm and between seedlings 40 cm. You
can also use another method – plant two or three
seedlings in one hole.

It is necessary to install pegs
when planting in order to keep the plant away from
breaking (you should not install pegs during the
growth period, as it can damage plant root system).

Loosening

Pepper is fond of loose soil, and therefore you should
avoid the formation of soil crust.

Loosening activates
the influx of air to the roots, which accelerates growth
and development of plants and stimulates biological
activity of microorganisms in the soil, and also helps
with weed control.

During the first two weeks after planting, the pepper
grows very slowly: during this period its root system
acquires strength.

Take care of them so as not to
injure your plants.

Pepper cultivation problems

With a lack of potassium, pepper leaves become a
twisted and drying edge.

But it is necessary to be
careful with potassium – pepper does not tolerate
abundance of potassium chloride.

If the plant lacks nitrogen, its leaves become opaque
and grayish, gradually begin to fade.

When there is
lack of magnesium, leaves become marbled, and the
excess amount of nitrogen in soil leads to dropping of
pepper flowers.

What are the best varieties for pepper farm
launching ?

• Trinidad Scorpion
This is one of the hottest varieties of chili pepper. The
main source of its distribution is export.

• Bell pepper
This kind of pepper has different varieties – its colour
varies from yellow, orange, purple, red to green.

• Cayenne pepper
This is the most common type of pepper in Ghana. It
has also other names – Red hot chili pepper or Guinea
spice.

Its main peculiarity is that it can be stored for a
very long time in the form of powder.

How profitable is pepper farming in Ghana ?

To get profit from pepper cultivation in Ghana you
should think about distribution channels.

We have
prepared a list of them below.
Distribution channels:

– Gardeners/amateurs;
They can buy your seedlings;

– Pharmacies;
You can sell natural tinctures from bitter varieties.

– Representatives and organizers of public catering
outlets;

– Shops in your locality;

– Ordinary citizens.

The last three groups of people usually buy green
pepper, revered for its rich and sweet taste.

Now, you see that pepper farming in Ghana is rather
profitable. Why not give it a try?

8 Replies to “How To Start A Pepper Farming In Ghana”

  1. jonathan

    Thank you its very educative.Am about to start my own pepper farm and am sure with these facts i can be very successful

  2. Edward

    This will help me improve my pepper farming work. thanks Jehovah richly bless you. Please at what age should the first fertilizer application applied.

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